Gemstones are something that is pure and natural. They are extracted from the surface of the earth and are then modified or cut in to precision before they finally come to the market. Since, the time of their origin these stones have been a favourite for women. In the pre historic or ancient times even kings used to wear it as they used to believe that these stones had some supernatural powers attached to it. But with the passage of time, the stones have found their way in jewellery showrooms and in the hearts of women off course.
After their discovery, the gemstones were classified in to two categories. They are precious and semi precious gemstones. If you are an ardent lover of gemstones then you must know the difference between these stones. Few stones on this earth are very rare on the earth. They can hardly be found and are hence considered as precious. There are only four such stones that are termed as precious on the earth. They are Diamonds, Emeralds, Sapphires and Rubies. Today, with the development of technology these stones can be grown even in laboratories, but they do not have the same properties like the ones that are found naturally or extracted from the earth.
Let us know about each of the precious stones in brief detail. Starting with Diamond, it is no doubt that it is one of the most expensive gemstone and certainly a women’s lover. This stone is basically a carbon in its crystallised form. The name Diamond is derived from a Greek word which means unbreakable. When it is cut in to proper shape it produces a sparkling colour. The next member in the family of precious gemstones is Emerald. The stone is green in colour. It is mainly worn by people suffering from problem like kidney, liver and adrenalin glands.
Ruby is yet another stone which is of high quality and is valuable more than the diamonds. It is one of the rarest coloured gemstones found on earth. Red coloured rubies are one of the most valuable gemstones. They are also known as Manek. Lastly, Sapphire, a blue coloured gemstone are one of the most expensive gemstones that are found. There are basically two kinds of sapphires; Natural Sapphire and Synthetic Sapphire. Natural Sapphires are mainly found in gray and black colour where as synthetic sapphire does not have a specific colour. It changes according to the type of stone.
Semi precious stones on the other hand are of numerous types. These are mainly used for making fashionable jewellery as well as ornamental objects. Like the precious stones these stones have also got many properties. All the stones are heated to a certain temperature in order to enhance their colour. They are worn in many forms such as necklaces and rings. One of the most important properties of the semi precious stones are that they can be worn with any type of dresses either ethnic or modern wear.
Price of the gemstones depends on the basis of its existence. Stones that are rarely found are costly. However, some other important factors such as color, clarity and carats also are also some other important factors that is responsible for deciding the price of a gemstone.